The legendary Herbert G. Houze and Winchester bolt actions. In his comprehensive book, Winchester Bolt Actions Military and Sporting Rifles 1877 to 1937, Herbert G. Houze offers a perfect historical overview: "Winchester was the first American arms maker to commercially manufacture a bolt action repeating rifle . . . from the famous Hotchkiss through the to the popular Models 54 and 70.
He highlights little known forays in bolt actions "like the Murata Year 17 Rifle, Model Model 1895 Winchester-Lee, the Willam Mason Straight Pulls, the T.C. Johnson Model A and B Magazine Rifles, the Pattern 1914 Enfieds and much more."
No firearms manufacture has more experience with bolt actions than Winchester Repating Arms.
If you are doing research on Winchester bolt actions this is a must have book. MORE INFORMATION IS ON AMAZON.
Outdoor Life on the Winchester Model 54. Outdoor Life did a review of the Most Influential Deer Rifles of All Time in 2008. The Winchester Model 54 was on the list. In their words, "knowing that any bolt-action rifle would be critically compared to the popular '03 Springfield and Mauser of 1898, Winchester overcame the challenge successfully in 1925 by combining good features from both."
They continued detailing that the 54 was "offered in a full range of popular calibers from the .22 Hornet to the .30/06, the Model 54 raised the bar on rifle accuracy and incorporated distinctive features and styling that were later inherited by Winchester's Model 70." Two interesting facts pointed out in the article were that the .270 Winchester was introduced as a new cartridge in 1925 and first offered in the Model 54, .and the Model 54 was offered in a heavy-barrel sniper model, most of which were chambered in .30/06."
The famous Model 70 was an improvement on the Model 54 which is impressive when you consider that the 54 was clearly one of the best bolt action rifles available at the time in the world.