What is the historical listing of Winchester firearm introductions by year?

Below is a brief timeline of historical information regarding Winchester Firearms:




Introduction of volcanic repeating handguns.


Volcanic Repeating Arms Company formed.

Oliver Winchester buys stock in Volcanic Repeating Arms.

Volcanic carbine introduced


Offices moved to New Haven, Connecticut.

Name changed to New Haven Arms Company.


Henry rifle patented.


First Henry rifles are sold.


Oliver Winchester buys control of New Haven Arms Company and changes name to the Winchester Repeating Arms Company.

Model 1866 "Yellow Boy lever action introduced -- first gun to bear the Winchester name.


Assets of Spencer Company purchased by Winchester.


Model 1873 lever action introduced in centerfire and rimfire.


Winchester buys rights to Hotchkiss bolt action centerfire.


Model 1876 lever action introduced.


John Browning patents his single shot rifle


Oliver Winchester passes on.


Model 1883 Hotchkiss Magazine Gun introduced. First Winchester bolt action.

In the spring of 1883, rights to the Model 1878 Single Shot, (later called the Model 1885), were purchased by T.G. Bennett of Winchester. The Browning Shop had begun a partnership with Winchester that would last the next 19 years.


Model 1886 lever action introduced.


Model 1887 lever action shotgun introduced.

Model 1887 pump action shotgun introduced.


T.G. Bennett becomes president of Winchester Repeating Arms Company.

Model 1890 slide action .22 rimfire introduced.


Model 1892 lever action introduced.


Model 1894 lever action introduced. The 94 is without doubt the most famous of all deer hunting rifles in history. In addition, no rifle came to symbolize the romance of the West more that the Winchester Model 94.


Model 1895 centerfire rifle introduced. Utilizes a box magazine especially designed to accomodate the recently introduced high power smokeless cartridges and pointed bullets.


Model 1890 bolt action .22 rimfire introduced.


Model 1903 semi-auto .22 rimfire introduced.


Model 1911 semi-auto shotgun introduced. The first Winchester semi-auto shotgun.


Model 1912 pump shotgun introduced. Later called the Model 12.


Model 52 rimfire bolt action introduced.


Model 54 centerfire bolt action rifle introduced.


Model 21 side-by-side. Considered the premiere American made double.


Olin purchases Winchester Repeating Arms Company and combines it with the Western Cartridge Company.


Model 62 slide action .22 rimfire is introduced.


Model 70 centerfire bolt action rifle introduced. The first centerfire bolt action designed by Winchester specifically for sporting use.


Model 37 single shot shotgun introduced.


Model 50 semi-auto shotgun.


Model 59 semi-auto shotgun introduced.


Original Model 70 discontinued. Rifles before this date became known as Pre-'64 Model 70s. Model 101 over/under shotgun introduced.


New Model 70 introduced.

Original Model 1400 introduced.

Model 1200 pump shotgun introduced.

Model 94 antique.


Model 66 introduced -- first commemorative produced.


Model 94 saddle ring carbine.

Model 94 Classic.


Model 9422 introduced.

S.L.L.. Magnum


Super-X Model 1 semi-auto shotgun introduced.


Model 1300 pump & 1500 semi-auto shotguns introduced.

Model 23 XTR


Model 94 XTR

Model 94 XTR Big Bore


U.S. Repeating Arms Company is formed and continues manufacturing Winchester brand rifles and shotguns in New Haven, Connecticut, under license from Olin Corporation.


Model 70 Westerner


Model 94 Chief Crazy Horse Commemorative

Model 9422 Annie Oakley Commemorative


Model 94 angle eject

Winchester & Colt Commemorative set

Model 1300 Featherweight pump shotgun, 12 ga. and 20 ga.

Model Winchester Ranger semi-auto shotgun, 12 ga. and 20 ga.

Model 1300 pistol grip models

Model 70 Featherweight Ultra Grade


Model 70 Lightweight carbine standard action

Model 70 Lightweight mini-carbine short action

Model 70 XTR Sporter

Model 70 XTR Super Express Magnum

Model 70 XTR Sporter Varmint

Model 94 angle eject standard Big Bore carbine

Model 9422 XTR rifle standard or magnum calibers

Model 9422 XTR Classic rifle standard or magnum calibers

Model 9422 Eagle Scout Limited Edition

Model 9422 Boy Scouts of American Commemorative

Model 1300 magnum Waterfowl

Model 70 Ranger bolt action, standard action

Model 94 Ranger lever action carbine


Model 23 Classic Series -- Quail Special, Super, Pigeon, two barrel hunting set

Model 23 Classic 12 gauge

Model 23 Classic 20 gauge

Model 23 Classic 28 gauge

Model 23 Classic .410 gauge

Model 23 Custom two barrel set

Model 23 Golden Quail

Model 23 Light Duck

Model 94 120th Commemorative Anniversary Carbine

Model 9422 "The Lady"


Model 70 50th Anniversary Edition

Model 70 Lightweight rifle longer barrel

Model 70 "WinTuff" "WinCam" and "WinLite"

Model 94 WinTuff carbine

Model 94 long barrel rifle

Model 9422 WinCam .22 magnum

Model 1300 Camo Pack 22" and 30" barrels

Model 1300 Ranger Deer combination pack

Model 1300 Ranger shotgun combination


Model 1300 Wild Turkey Federation "Gun of the Year"

Model 1300 XTR 28" barrel

Model 1300 XTR Featherweight 22" barrel

Model 1300 WinTuff magnum

Model 1300 WinTuff Deer gun with rifled barrel


Model 70 Varmint 26" barrel


Model 70 Sporter 25-06,

Model 70 Custom Super Grade 7mm Rem. Mag., 300 Win. Mag., 338 Win. Mag.

Model 70 Super Express .375 H&H Mag., 458 Win. Mag., .375 Standard

Model 9422 Exclusive Magnum models

Model 1400 28", 20 ga. barrels -- Slug Hunter

Model 1300 Slug Hunter

Model 1300 28" barrels

Model 1300 Stainless Marine, corrosion resistant finishes

Model 70 Super Grade .270 Win., 30-06 Springfield

Model 70 Featherweight calibers, 65X55, 7mm Rem. Mag., 300 Win. Mag.

Model 70 Ranger -- Adult .243 Win.

Model 94 improved sights, quarter action

Model 1400 26" barrel, High Grade model

Model 1400 Walnut Slug Hunter

Model 1400 all combos and deer guns drilled & tapped for scope

Model 1300 White Tails Unlimited "Gun of the Year"

Model 1300 26" barrels, custom model

Model 1300 Ranger 26", all deer

Model 1300 20 gauge Defender


New management at U.S. Repeating Arms. Plans for entirely new, modern production facility in New Haven, Connecticut, under license from Olin Corporation.

Model 70 Stainless rifle

Model 70 Featherweight classic with controlled round feeding

Model 70 detachable magazine

Model 70 .308 Win. in composite stock

Model 70 Ranger in .223 Rem.

Model 94 Large Loop Wrangler model in .357 Mag.

Model 1300 National Wild Turkey Federation Series III "Gun of the Year"


Model 70 Custom Sharpshooter 7mm STW

Model 70 Super Express model

Model 70 Heavy Varmint, synthetic stock, heavy barrel

Model 70 DBM-S, detachable box magazine

Model 12 Classic Traditions, 20 ga. Grade I-IV

Model 52 Classic Traditions .22 Sporting rifle

Model 42 Classic Traditions .410 High Grade

Model 1001 over/under shotgun

Model 1300 National Wild Turkey Federation Series IV

Model 1400 Quail Unlimited


Return of the Pre-'64 Model 70 type action design with claw extraction, controlled round feed, fixed-type ejection and many other features that made the original the most loved and prized bolt action rifle in history. Of all the Winchesters, no rifle design has been revered more among hunters, collectors, target shooters and outdoor writers than the Model 70 with the Pre-'64 type action

One Hundredth Anniversary of the Winchester Model 94 lever action. Specially engraved anniversary models are offered to commemorate the most famous of all Winchester lever actions. Often called "The Gun that Won the West." Its design and effectiveness is so superior that it remains one of the most popular deer rifles in the world.

Model 94 Custom Limited Edition Centennial

Model 94 Limited Edition Grade I and High Grade

Model 70 Classic Custom Sharpshooter .220 Swift

Model 70 Classic Super Express .416 Rem. Mag.

Model 70 Heavy Varmint .220 Swift

Model 70 Classic DBM .284 Win.

Model 1300 Realtree Turkey gun


Model 70 Ultimate Classic with fluted barrel

Model 70 Ultimate Classic stainless with full octagon barrel

Model 94 Legacy

Model 1895 Limited Edition High Grade

Model 1895 Limited Edition Grade I

Model 9422 High Grade

Model 1001 discontinued

Model 1300 Turkey

Model 1300 Deer with rifle barrel, Full Advantage camo pattern

Model 1300 Deer with smoothbore barrel with Full Advantage camo pattern


Model 70 Custom Classic Sharpshooter II stainless steel

Model 70 Custom Classic Sporting Sharpshooter II


Model 70 Classic Featherweight All-Terrain

Model 9422 Trapper


Model 70 Ultimate Classic Stainless with full octagonal barrel, left-hand version

Model 63 High Grade semi-auto

Model 1895 Grade I

Model 1892 High Grade and Grade I

Model 70 Classic Featherweight Stainless

Model 70 Classic Laredo Long Range Hunter

Model 70 Classic Sporter right or left-hand

Model 94 Trails End with American Walnut stock

Model 9422 Anniversary Edition High Grade

Model 9422 Anniversary Edition Grade I

Model 1300 Turkey with gray all purpose Realtree camo full camo coverage

Model 1300 Advantage Field

Model 1300 Lady Defender 8 shot, 20 ga. with synthetic stock

Model 1300 Lady Defender 8 shot, 20 ga. with synthetic pistol grip stock


Model 1886 High Grade

Model 70 Classic Compact

Model 70 Classic Laredo LRH fluted barrel

Model 70 Classic Laminated Camo Stainless

Model 70 Black Shadow

Model 94 Black Shadow

Model 94 Ranger Compact

Model 9422 Legacy

Model 9422 Large Loop and walnut

Model 9422 High Grade Series II


Super X2 3 1/2"

Super X2 Turkey 3 1/2"

Super X2 3"

Super X2 Field 3"

Model 1300 Upland Special

Model 1300 Camp Defender

Model 70 Classic Safari Express

Model 94 Timber Carbine

Model 70 Custom African Safari, .358 STR

Model 70 Custom "Ultra Light" Mannlicher


Super X2 receives Guns and Ammo's Reader's Choice Gun of the Year.

Winchester rugged outdoor clothing introduced.

Model 70 named “Bolt Action of the Century” by acclaimed Shooting Times editor, Rick Jamison.

Supreme Over/Under shotgun introduced

Model 1300 Black Shadow Cantilever Deer, Black Shadow Deer, Camo Turkey, and Compact Deer offered

Model 70 Coyote push-feed rifle and the 7mm STW caliber offered

Model 94 Pack Rifle available

Winchester offers historic rifles in the Model 1885 Low Wall rimfire, the extra light Model 1886, and the Model 1895 in 405 Winchester. (This caliber not immediately available).

Many new models from the Custom Gun shop in both Model 70’s and Model 94’s offered


Super X2 in 3 1/2” NWTF Turkey black synthetic stock, and camo option offered, as well as a Sporting Clays shotgun.

Model 1300 NWTF Black Shadow, Turkey Superflage and Buck & Tom, Superflage Camo offered with TRUGLO sights

Model 9410, a .410 bore lever action shotgun makes it debut. It received the “Shotgun of the Year” award from the Shooting Industry Academy of Excellence. 24” barrel, cylinder choke holds up to 10 rounds.

The 300 WSM (Winchester Short Magnum is developed and introduced as a joint effort between Browning/Winchester Olin Corp. It wins the prestigious “Ammunition of the Year” award. Three Model 70’s were chambered for this cartridge, which gave maximum power in a short action rifle.

Model 70 in Classic Stainless offered in new Rem. 300 Ultra Mag caliber

Model 1895 in 405 caliber again announced in a Grade I and High Grade.

Custom Shop offers the Model 70 in 416 Rigby, 470 Capstick, 375 Ultra Mag., 300 WSM and 450 Marlin. A takedown Model 70 is introduced.

Model 94 “Classic Custom” limited edition in 38-55 announced.


The Winchester Short Magnum in 270 WSM and 7mm WSM available in the Model 70

Model 94 in an exquisite, I of 1000, and 1 of 100 Heritage Model 94 Limited edition in 38-55 caliber

Model 9410 Packer shotgun, shorter barrel

Super X2 Greenhead with a Dura-Touch stock

Model 1300 NWTF introduced in a Short Turkey version

The 270 WSM wins “Ammunition of the Year” by the Shooting Industry Academy of Excellence.


New 223 and 243 Winchester Super Short Magnum (WSSM) cartridges introduced

New Model 70 Super Shadow and Ultimate Shadow Blued and Stainless with new over-molded stocks with rubber gripping surfaces

Model 70 Featherweight Super Short, Coyote, Camo Ultimate Shadow and RMEF Super Grade Stainless

The Model 94 and 9410 offered with new top tang safety to preserve looks

The Model 9417 offered in Traditional and Legacy models

New Supreme Select Elegance, Field and Sporting models offered

Dura-Touch® Armor Coating added to many models

SX2 in the Universal Hunter Field and Signature Red Sporting added

Custom Shop offered a Custom Carbon and Custom Featherweight Model 70 and Custom Limited Edition, New Generation Model 94


The 25 WSSM caliber added

Model 70s offered in the new WSSM calibers. New RMEF Super Grade and Sporter LT models and new Coyote Model 70 in stainless

Controlled Round Push Feed models emphasized in the Model 70s, Super Shadow Blued, Coyote Stainless and Stealth II

The Model 94s offered Trails end Octagon barrel with case-colored receiver, a Trails End Octagon


The 325 WSM caliber was added to the Model 70 line. Used for thick-skinned, big game animals.

A Super Grade III, and Sporter III stock were added to the Model 70 line.

A Camo Ultimate Shadow with blued barrel offered.

A Super Grade III Model 70 and a model for the RMEF is offered.

Featherweight in stainless and a new Sporter III is introduced.

The Coyote now comes in a stainless, Lite stainless or Lite blued model.

In the Historical guns section, the Model 1885 High Wall comes is offered in all three WSM calibers, and the Low Wall model is offered in 17 Mach 2 caliber.

The Model 94 lever action is now available in a Trails End Hunter model, with a round or octagon barrel. A Marble’s front sight is featured on most Model 94 rifles.

The new Timber Scout, a very fast, quick rifle is offered in 30-30 or 44 Rem. Mag.

The Model 94 Legacy, with a 26" round or octagon barrel, is offered with a blued or case-colored receiver.

The Model 9422, one of the most popular 22 rimfire rifles ever, is discontinued. Several high-grade “Tribute” models are available for a limited time.

In the over/under shotgun line, there is a new Energy Sporting and Energy Trap, with or without an adjustable comb.

The Super X2 now has a fine camo finish on the 3 1/2" Camo Waterfowl model, and a new Light Field is available. The 3” Sporting Clays Signature has a red anodized receiver and magazine cap. There is a new Model 1300 in a NWTF Short Turkey, and a new Practical Defender.

From the Custom Shop comes a custom case-colored Model 9410 lever-action shotgun.


On January 17 of 2006 it was announced that U.S. Repeating Arms Company (the company that makes Winchester brand Model 94s, Model 70s and the Model 1300 Speed Pump Shotgun) would be shutting down the factory located in New Haven, Connecticut. Production of Model 70 and Model 94 rifles, along with Model 1300 shotguns ends.

SXR Super X Rifle is introduced. It has a modern gas-operated autoloading system, bolt-action accuracy, removable trigger group, detachable box magazine and an international-styled walnut stock.

The historic Model 1885 and Centennial Hunter are offered, both with machined steel receivers, adjustable triggers and timeless falling block design. The 1885 Centennial has a gold-embellished 30-06 seal over polished blued steel on the right side of the receiver, creating a lasting tribute to 100 years of the 30-06 Springfield cartridge.

Three new Selects over and under shotgun¹s, the Midnight, White Field Extreme and White Field Traditional are introduced. All are made in Belgium with modern materials and Old World craftsmanship.


Winchester introduces the Wildcat bolt-action 22 rifle. Built-in Russia by the legendary TOZ Arsenal, the Wildcat features a precision rifled barrel for greater accuracy and a full-size checkered hardwood stock.

The Super X3 autoloading shotgun is offered in Mossy Oak® Duck Blind™.

The Select over and under shotgun is offered in a new Select Platinum Sporting, Field and Deluxe Field model. They feature a low-profile receiver, Pachmayr® Decelerator® recoil pad, TRUGLO® fiber-optic sights (selected models) and are made in Belgium with modern materials and Old World craftsmanship.

The new Select Model 101 is new for 2007 in a Sporting and Field models. It features legendary styling and handling with added benefits of modern manufacturing techniques and features like a low-profile receiver and the Invector-Plus™ interchangeable choke system.


The Winchester Model 70 returns, more regal than ever. It is now being manufactured in Columbia, SC, at the same state-of-the-art factory as the rifles and machine guns used by America’s Armed Forces. They are made to the exact ISO 9001 standard of quality that Uncle Sam insists upon for military firearms. The Model 70 has a new M.O.A. Trigger System and improved three-position safety.

To commemorate the reintroduction of this timeless model, every Model 70 rifle manufactured in 2008 will have a custom one-piece floorplate. In the lineup are 24 new models and calibers.

A new 3" Exhibition/Sporting Composite shotgun is introduced, with an additional gas piston, Dura-Touch Armor Coating and an adjustable stock. A version of this shotgun used to set a world record by breaking 11 hand-thrown clay targets unassisted before they hit the ground.

A new Classic Field Super X3 is offered. It has a walnut stock with classic checkering.

Also new for 2008 is the 3 1/2" NWTF Cantilever Extreme Turkey SX3 autoloading shotgun. It comes with a TRUGLO® Red Dot scope. It has a 24" barrel with an extra full extended turkey choke tube.

A new spec of the fast swinging over and under Model 101 shotgun is introduced. The new Model 101 Pigeon Grade Trap with or without an adjustable comb will make all trapshooters drool.

The Speed Pump shotgun, in three models, is available. There is a Walnut Field, Black Shadow Field with composite stock and the Defender model with an 18" barrel and composite stock.


The Model 70 iSuper Grade, which includes a high-grade walnut stock, hex socket action screws and a one-piece trigger guard and flush-mount hinged magazine floorplate. Model 70 in an Extreme Weather for 2009. It features a Bell and Carlson™ premium composite stock with an alloy skeletal bedding block that’s molded right into the stock. 11 calibers. The Coyote Light offered with a Bell and Carlson synthetic stock, sculpted cheekpiece and a fine Pachmayr® Decelerator® pad. Six calibers. Model 70 Featherweight and Model 70 Sporter.  Featherweight -- Pre-’64 style Controlled Round Feed, three-position safety and  jeweled bolt body with knurled bolt handle. Sporter model -- satin finish on the walnut stock, a sculpted cheekpiece and a Pachmayr® Decelerator® pad.  Model 70 Ultimate Shadow, nine calibers.

Super X Rifle in four calibers. 

100th anniversary of President Theodore Roosevelt’s famous safari to Africa --  Offered two 1895s, a Custom Grade and a High Grade. Each chambered in  405 Winchester caliber. Highly embellished with Theodore Roosevelt’s signature and engravings of big game African animals.

Model 101 over and under, Pigeon Sporting Adjustable Comb and 101 Light with grade II/III walnut.

Super X3 3 1/2" and 3" Gray Shadow with composite stock. SXP Pump Shotgun Black Shadow and 3” Defender pump.


Return of the Model 1894 (Model 94) to the Winchester lineup.

Super X Pump (SXP) starts manufacturing.


Model 1873 production starts after more than three quarters of a century.


SXP in 20 gauge


This list is updated only periodically.